|Oil Field Drilling|
Conventional Mud Rotary is the drilling method of choice to explore for oil. This is the same type of drilling that is used for Water Well Drilling and Geothermal Drilling. Although it is the same method, the Oil Industry invented Mud Drilling first. The year was 1901 at Spindle Top Texas at the Lucas oil well. The issue with drilling on the Texas coast was that the top few hundred feet was composed all sand instead of the typical rock drilling. Next to the drill rig was an earthen pit, the size of a small pond, that was used as a reservoir to store water needed to drill the hole.
After several weeks struggling with the sand that kept saturating and caving in the hole, the drilling suddenly became easier and they made several 100ft in one day. What had changed that made the Lucas Oil crew be able to drill faster? Hours before the drilling changed a storm had come in and had stirred up the cattle surrounding the well. In turn, the cattle ran through the mud pit and stirred up the clay bottom making the first clay/water slurry. In reality, the real inventors of Conventional Mud Rotary were Texas beef cattle.
As stated in Water Well and Geothermal Conventional Mud Rotary drilling, the process combines water and bentonite drilling gel into slurry more commonly called MUD which is circulated down a drill rod to the bottom and out the drill bit. The bit is spinning at speeds upwards of 200rpms and is being lowered by the Top Head or Kelly of the drill rig. As the bit penetrates the soil, it creates smaller fragmented pieces that are called drill cuttings. The MUD carries these cuttings to surface to create an open hole from top to bottom. The drill cuttings are collected into a mud pan or settling pit on surface and then the MUD is re-circulated to continue the drilling process. It is necessary to remove these cutting as fast as possible so that they do not get re-circulated down hole. The optimum goal is to remove all the undesirable drill solids and send just bentonite gel and water to continue carrying new cutting up and out of the hole.
The Mud Puppy is designed to get that shovel out of your hand and remove the drill cutting mechanically and keep a good clean drill mud. A dirty drill mud will be highly abrasive and cause major damage to mud pumps, top heads, and any working parts the dirty mud comes into contact. Although beef is tasty it cannot remove all of these abrasive cuttings from the pit. Only a Solids Control Unit like a Mud Puppy can remove the majority of these undesired cuttings. Along with damaging your rig and pumps a dirty mud will cause poor borehole stability. Similar to what the Lucas drill hand experienced at Spindle Top Texas. If the borehole is destabilized it can cave in and all of the drill rods can be stuck or lost down hole. Mud Puppys are compact and easily setup. That is important when considering mobilization to drill a test hole looking for correct conditions to drill an oil well. Mud Puppy does not taste good but can clean your drill mud better than a cow.
TIBBAN MFG Inc.
PO Box 2675
15064 Anacapa Dr.